The Yanomami are the only somewhat secluded tribe in South America. They live in Northern Brazil and Southern Venezuela in rainforests and mountains.
The Yanomami are know as fishers, hunters and horticulturists. Men hunt for game like peccary, tapir, deer and monkey, although hunting counts for only 10% of their food, a hunter never eats the meat that he has killed, instead he shares it out between family and friends, and in return he is given meat by another hunter men also do the hard, heavy work of clearing areas of the forest so they have a space for their gardens. The women plant plantains and cassava in their gardens this is their main crop, the women also cook the food.
Yanomami woman making food, retrieved from www.survivalinternational.org
In the gardens they grow around 60 crops which accounts for 80% of their food, women also collect nuts, shellfish and insect larvae, wild honey is cherished and the Yanomami collect 15 different kinds.Both the men and women fish, and they use timbó or fish poison in communal fishing trips. In groups, men, women and children pound up bundles of vine which they then float on the water. The liquid from the plants stuns the fish, they then rise up to the water's surface and are scooped up in baskets. They use nine different kinds of vine for fish poisoning. The Yanomami know a lot about plants, they use around 500 plants for food, medicine, house building and other artefacts.
Stiff tough dough that can be eaten with a thin sauce mad from spices and vegetables,
retrieved from www.livebinders.com
The Yanomami use fish poison to catch fish because it's easier. "The liquid from the plants stuns the fish, they then rise up to the waters surface and are scooped up in baskets." It is easier to use the fish poison because this way they are already dead and they are floating on the water which means you don't have to try and see them at the bottom of the water and catch them whilst they are alive. This means it is easier to catch the fish using fish poison.
By Esme Mason