Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Yanomami Food

The Yanomami are the only somewhat secluded tribe in South America. They live in Northern Brazil and Southern Venezuela in rainforests and mountains.

Yanomami Food

The Yanomami are know as fishers, hunters and horticulturists. Men hunt for game like peccary, tapir, deer and monkey, although hunting counts for only 10% of their food, a hunter never eats the meat that he has killed, instead he shares it out between family and friends, and in return he is given meat by another hunter  men also do the hard, heavy work of clearing areas of the forest so they have a space for their gardens. The women plant plantains and cassava in their gardens this is their main crop, the women also cook the food. 

Yanomami woman making food, retrieved from www.survivalinternational.org 

In the gardens they grow around 60 crops which accounts for 80% of their food, women also collect nuts, shellfish and insect larvae, wild honey is cherished and the Yanomami collect 15 different kinds.Both the men and women fish, and they use timb√≥ or fish poison in communal fishing trips. In groups, men, women and children pound up bundles of vine which they then float on the water.  The liquid from the plants stuns the fish, they then rise up to the water's surface and are scooped up in baskets. They use nine different kinds of vine for fish poisoning. The Yanomami know a lot about plants, they use around 500 plants for food, medicine, house building and other artefacts.

Stiff tough dough that can be eaten with a thin sauce mad from spices and vegetables,
retrieved from www.livebinders.com

The Yanomami use fish poison to catch fish because it's easier. "The liquid from the plants stuns the fish, they then rise up to the waters surface and are scooped up in baskets."  It is easier to use the fish poison because this way they are already dead and they are floating on the water which means you don't have to try and see them at the bottom of the water and catch them whilst they are alive. This means it is easier to catch the fish using fish poison. 

"Yanomami." The Yanomami. Survival International, 1 Jan. 2011. Web. 04 Mar. 2016.

By Esme Mason

Friday, February 5, 2016

Areas Controlled by the Portuguese Empire

Countries Portugal controlled:
The Portuguese Empire has controlled many different areas throughout the world.
On the map above we can see that Portugal controlled a lot of different areas. These territories are:
South America
  • Brazil (1500-1822)
  • Angola (1575-1975)
  • Mozambique (1498-1975)
  • Guinea Bissau (1973-1974)
  • Cape Verde (1460-1975)
  • Madeira (1415-1542)
  • Some parts of India (Goa, Cochin..)
By Esme Mason

Portugal has colonized 6 countries which are now independent. The Madeira was the first country colonized by Portugal.
In this picture you can see which countries where colonized by Portugal in South America and who they were colonized by. As you can see Brazil was colonized by Portugal and the rest of the countries were mainly colonized by the Spanish.

By Noah Bekel

On the map above we can see the zoomed in version of brazil to the specific area where the Yanomami tribe is located and the areas around it. This can give us an idea of where the native people to this land could have been moved and also help us understand how much of the tribe was affected by the Portuguese colonization.

By George Hollo